Creating a printed circuit board (PCB) is not an easy task. As the demand for PCBs grow, so does the industry of PCB manufacturers, designers and fabricators. Because most of the time these circuit boards are needed within a tight time limit, errors in the process of manufacturing and designing is very common. There are also other factors that affect the process of constructing PCBs either technically or operationally. Listed in this article are a few PCB fabrication and design blunders and the corresponding ways on how to avoid or solve them.
To start off, a very common blunder with PCB making is the lack of proper communication between the team. A team usually includes fabricators, designers and an electronic manufacturing services provider. Each of the participants are required to communicate with each other during the process of making the PCBs in order to discuss and relay certain findings, observations and other specifications regarding the PCB. Mix ups and disagreement usually occur regarding the design or components on the PCB which is why it is crucial to facilitate communication between all contributors to the process of constructing the circuit board. Delays may be prevented when the team members become engaged and participate in active discussions.
Another mistake commonly committed by PCB fabrication companies and other members of the team is that they fail to measure and determine the effects of environmental factors on their PCBs. For example, humidity, heat extreme forces and temperature may greatly affect the PCB and its functionality. The materials and components used in constructing the circuit board should match the environment in which the device would most likely be exposed. It is important to address these certain conditions so as to be able to create a PCB that would not only work, but would last for a long time.
Although some firms may boycott the process of evaluating the environmental factors just to cut costs, they actually do not realize that by doing so, they would be faced with more expenses. Omission of this step now could possibly lead to more fixes and remakes in the future. It is important to always consider external factors to ensure proper operation and performance of the PCB.
A lack in design reviews and alternatives is also a common error made by designers when making PCBs. During the process of creating designs, it is important to get input and feedback from as many people as possible. Having the client view the proposed design prior to passing it on for fabrication makes a lot of difference. There are some instances wherein PCB fabrication has already been achieved yet the design had not yet been reviewed due to pressed time when designers try to meet a deadline. In the end, clients may not approve of the layout and all the time and effort put into making it to the deadline would just be put to waste.
To avoid circumstances like this, it is important to allow time for design reviews in order to meet the demands of the clients. Having a design back-up or alternative is also significant for the same reason why people use spare keys for their most valuable possessions. In an unfortunate event that the design be lost due to technical difficulties with the computer system, a back-up design would be most helpful and would save the designer from having to redo months of hard work in trying to replicate the lost design. Online back-up options are available and may be used aside from creating a copy of the design in another unit.
Lastly, one of the most common technical problems met by technicians during PCB fabrication is flex-cracking. This occurs when the PCB is bent with too much pressure under a ceramic chip capacitor to an extent more than it could handle. To avoid this, it is important to modify the type of ceramic chip capacitor being used for a specific PCB. See to it that the type of capacitor used will be able to withstand the stress during PCB assembly to avoid flex-cracking. Shorter capacitors could also be used to accommodate smaller PCBs.
When you have a rough design or a pretty completed idea on how you wanted your customized rubber bracelets made, you have to choose a shop first, before finalizing your designs. Here are a few things to consider in choosing the best shop for your band customization project.
In any creative project, you have to check out the budget first so that it will not interrupt the designing process by revisions required due to over-indulgence resulting too expensive production dues. Canvas the price range of your prospective shops and see if their prices are competitive enough, duly considering the skill and quality of work that they do. Also, you should check out their bulk prices as they are usually up for discounts. Other promotional offers should be taken advantage of where they are applicable. But do not scrimp too much that you’ll be compromising quality for a cheaper price.
Looking into their galleries of offered pre-made products can be a good measure of the quality of their work and the styles that they are used to or the best at making. This could be a decisive point because if you wanted to have your rubber bracelets made in a particular style, you would want the shop that best makes those types of bands. Negotiations on the price can come after when need be.
You can look into the available styles that they offer. You can easily see if they have the style to make your project. You can also easily assess if you need to make adjustments to your design as well. Checking these will help you avoid revisions due to the limitations of their styles to accommodate your requested design.
This is also important in assessing the practicality of your design and the compatibility of your project and the prospective shops. Also, the colors as displayed on the shop advertisements may be different from the actual appearance of the product. This is in no fault of the shop, of course, but is a matter of monitor color settings. To make sure about this aspect, you can check out standardized color charts that are available in most supplies outlet. The shops themselves provide the corresponding color charts that go with their rubber bracelets color palette so as you can check out the colors in a chart available near you.
Featured works of previous customizations can show how far can you take your design and still be doable in their shop with a competitive quality. Also, by checking other finished designs, you can make corrections and adjustments into your own design that are previously difficult to do because of unavailability of material to compare to.
Checking out the shops customer feedback can help you decide whether to trust the shop with your project, or not. Make sure to be able to filter out the real, validated customer reviews from hater and spam posts.
You have to check how fast they can produce your bracelets and whether or not they would be able to manufacture the entire number you requested until the time you needed them.
This can be done by inquiring about the payment and delivery methods that they use in their dealings. You can easily make light side researches on their courier and their payment processor. The customer feedbacks may also have a clue to this.
Now, when you have decided which shop will suit you best for the production of your rubber bracelets, you can proceed to fine tune your design into one that is the best for your purpose.
If you are thinking of starting your own small business, then you might want to look into creating custom logo lanyards. Not only are these nifty little things in such high demand these days, you can also make a tidy profit on a small amount of capital. If you are actually interested in making a business out of creating lanyards, here are some of the things that you need to know.
What are logo lanyards?
The ID neck lanyards are continuing to be an essential security component of businesses and other establishments like schools, government agencies, medical centers, entertainment companies, and many more. Admit it there are times that you often forget to bring your ID to work or school only to find out about you forgetting it when you cannot enter the building premises because you don’t have your ID. This is why including logo lanyards as part of your complete uniform or get-up is advisable. As an entrepreneur, you can also take advantage of this increasing demand for neck lanyards by partnering with The Lanyard Authority as their authorized seller.
What are the different lanyard styles?
Depending on your budget, you can choose lanyard imprinting methods that you desire. The styles offered by the Lanyard Authority include:
These are the most economical lanyard style. However, some limitations when it comes to material combinations and imprint colors accompany its affordable price.
With screen printing, there is more color and imprinting options than hot stamping, hence an increase in price must be expected. Screen printed lanyards are also more durable.
It is also called four color process printing. This printing method works best for lanyards requiring intricate designs using various colors. Custom printed badge reels, dog tag lanyards, and retractable lanyards are usually printed in full color.
With this imprinting method, the fine details being visible are possible as it shows up in white. It uses a high energy beam of light to mark metals. It is utilized for custom imprinting anodized aluminum dog tag lanyards.
This type of imprinting method is the same as that used by US Armed Forces. It is used for stamping number, letters, and special characters on a stainless steel dog tag lanyard.
Bear in mind though that each of these imprinting methods comes with advantages and disadvantages, so it is advisable that as a prospective reseller, you must have knowledge of these different lanyard styles.
What are the various types of lanyards?
It is also necessary that you do not confuse lanyard styles with lanyard types. The lanyard styles pertain to the imprinting method used while the lanyard styles describe the material used in making lanyards.
As a manufacturer, The Lanyard authority sells the lanyard materials on rolls and spools, and then you can have it cut on specific length. A typical neck lanyard is cut at 36” yielding a 17” finished length.
Here are the various types of lanyards:
It produces really high quality lanyards and is recommended for more than one imprint color requirement on both sides.
It combines affordability and high-quality.
These are tough yet smooth materials for lanyards perfect for screen printing detailed logos.
Multiple colors are taken and the customer’s logo and text are used to make the lanyard similar to how patches are created.
Hot stamping and dye sublimation are used to print this material.
When functionality is all you’re after, you can sell these blank lanyards less the logo or text.
Indeed, starting your logo lanyards business is really easy, and you can find various tips online to get started.
You’ve finally caved in, you’ve joined the ranks of millions of people online and have finally procured the services of what you think is the best SEO company for your money. Good for you, this is a great way to move forward, but do you really know whether or not they are worthwhile? This becomes the question that everyone has to ask themselves at one point or another, especially when it comes to the world of internet marketing. You will find that there are a lot of snake oil salesman out there, and they are selling dreams of being #1 in search engine results. Sure, you could be #1 for keywords that are no longer relevant to your brand, or anything that will pull people into your site. This is just one of the many issues that you will start to notice when you start to see the tell-tale signs that the business you’re working with, is terrible. The following are some of the warning signs that should tell you that something is absolutely wrong. If you don’t see these, then start to investigate a little more, as there are more than just the following issues at hand in the world of professional SEO services.
If you have paid your money, and the services have begun, you will naturally want updates. If you do not receive any updates, you may want to inquire about what is going on with your website. If they do not respond to chat, or email inquiries you will want to call someone. That’s where the first sign will start to manifest. You will not be able to talk to anyone, and you may end up leaving many messages on an automated service to reach out, and nothing will ever get returned. It’s here that many people call the “sales” department of a SEO company and get picked up right away. This is a complaint that is heard around call centers everywhere, and that’s because sales usually staffs more people to answer phones than support, as they want to make a quick buck at the expense of the consumer. This is a sure way to tell that the people you’ve hired do not care about you or your site. It’s time to pull the plug when you can’t communicate with anyone at the firm that you’ve hired to help you.
The opposite of the silent treatment is this classic line that a SEO Company may throw at you. You ask about what they are doing to help your ranking, and they deliver the same old tired line that they are working on it. Inquire further as to the specifics of their strategy and they will give you a canned response or they will tell you that it’s “trade secret”, and they don’t want their work to get out to the general population. This is a complete lie, and you should not trust it. Sure, there are some things that a company may keep as part of their own strategy for ranking sites, but they should at least give you a certain level of transparency, especially if you’re spending money on their services. Do not allow any company, small or large, feed you the line that they are working on things and having nothing to show for it.
You should have access to analytics for your site. When you login to your analytics page after a few months of paying for a SEO company, make sure that you look to see if there are any changes. If you see absolutely not changes within the traffic, keyword selection, or influence on the web, something is wrong. Confront the company that you’re using and ask them where the results are. If they stammer or run through a lot of excuses, you know that they are not being truthful. Yes, search engine optimization takes time to mature, but it does not in any way mean that you will not see any results start to shine through. A high performance company will be able to not only gain some marketing leverage for your site, they will have results that you can see within the first few months of engagement. It may not be a huge deluge of traffic, but you will see a big difference in your market share. If you don’t, they are lying to you.
One of the ways that search engines punish your page is through marking your site as a malicious website. Google is notorious for doing this, especially with repeat offenders to their search algorithm. If the company you’ve hired is cutting corners and doing everything that search engines tell you not to do, including buying links, creating duplicate content, stealing content, posting too many affiliate links, keyword stuffing, and more, they will put you in the spammers lot.
When you’re in this doghouse, anyone that visits your site within certain search engines will get a full page warning, and they’ll bounce out. Getting into the good graces after this mark is tough, so be careful who you decide to work within in regards to professional grade SEO.
Everyone knows how fast paced the world has become. Everyone always needs to go to a certain place. The concept of ?on the go? has become embedded into the everyday lives of the people, replacing the idea of standstill. The world is moving so much that even areas and spaces started sprouting legs ? or wheels for the matter - and started accompanying the paces of the people. In some way, it makes sense how people would make use of these moving spaces, also known as portable containers. It is much more convenient and efficient to have a space nearby rather than to go back and forth to a fixed point. This is what a movable cubicle is relying on when it started becoming a trend.
It was, and still is, a smart business idea to create portable containers that would act as the extra space people need or would cut the distance that people have to travel to reach a certain destination. Most movable cubicle providers have also made these containers as flexible as possible, letting their users to customize the products to suit their preferences and needs. Here are just a few ways that users could fully utilize their own movable cubicles:
1. Working Cubicles: from Fixed to Movable
It is not surprising to know that the work environment has changed and adjusted to the needs of the people. Back then, people have to travel to go to their workstations. Nowadays, people could put up their workstation in a place that would maximize their traveling time and on-site presence. The work area now follows the people, and not the other way around.
The most common and obvious use for a movable cubicle is when people are in the business of constructing buildings. It would be more efficient for them to set up a workstation near their construction site rather than travel back and forth from the building to the site whenever they need a space to work. It would also improve their source of input as they could just step outside their office and look at the construction as it is happening. They could immediately spot any issues on-site and design a solution in their workspace, which is conveniently placed a few feet away.
For those who would like to work at home but cannot find a room in their house that could also act as an alternative conducive work area, they could put up these portable storage containers and design these to be a mini-office placed in their backyard.
Other common uses for these containers are as a maintenance building, a tool shed, a telecommunication center, a mobile generator, a snack shack, and a welding shop
2. Portable Containers: Inventory Storage on the go
Aside from transforming these containers to office sites, users could also make these into inventory storage. These containers are usually made to be highly weather resistant and waterproof, so placing these outdoors even during the harsher weather conditions, would not be a problem for the objects stored inside. Because of the large extra space it provides, even massive objects such as large construction materials, pieces of furniture, and the likes could be placed inside.
The containers undergo a highly strict and rigid inspection process to ensure that only quality products would be provided to the customers. They ensure that anything placed inside would not be damaged by external factors such as the climate or even theft as these containers have their own high-level security locks.
The movable cubicle has really made sure that it not only provides extra space and storage, but also ensures that the objects stored inside are unharmed and secured.
Hand guns are some of the most commonly brought weapons in the country. In fact, nearly all gun owners possess a certain model of the weapon. Easy to store and easy to use, handguns are considered the best tools of self defense for any person at home or in their business and are heavily used in law enforcement activities. Due to their high tactical value, it is a must that they are stored properly in gun safes. Here are a few things to consider when storing handguns properly at any weapons container.
The very first thing that you have to consider is the gun’s placement inside the safe. To quickly get hold of the weapon, they should be stored in a top shelf at eye level. This allows them to be quickly seen in times when you have need of them. The gun should also be positioned in a manner that its barrel is facing downwards and its handle pointing towards you. This allows your hand to quickly grasp the weapon in time of an emergency.
Also, placing the gun at a high level in gun safes will keep them free from water-based damages in the event of a water leak or a flood. This is most important if the safe in question is stored at a lower level like the basement. Even if the safe is “ankle-deep” in water, the handgun will still be in a serviceable and rust-free condition.
More often than not, rust is the prime reason why handguns will no longer work as well when stored in gun safes for a long time. To prevent corrosion in the gun, you must invest in a bore store. These bore stores are designed to cushion handguns and inhibit rust from spreading in the gun’s body. Also, make sure that the safe does not have synthetic foam all over its body. Synthetic foam is known to trap unwanted moisture in the body which ultimately leads to severe corrosion.
The placement of the gun safe will also help in preventing corrosion in the handgun. Places like the basement or the attic are never ideal places for handguns due to their high moisture content. Instead, have the gun safe stored in somewhere warmer like the bedroom or the office. Installing dehumidifiers inside gun safes will also be effective though they will entail a considerable additional cost.
Maximizing Storage Space
In the event that you own several handguns, it would be best to invest in multiple fixtures to maximize the safe’s storage space. Sliding gun drawers can let you store your gun in a horizontal position while still making it easy to draw in case of an emergency. They can also accommodate various gun sizes from the small and thin pistols like the Luger to large .357 Magnum revolvers. A sliding drawer will also protect the guns from scrapes and dents.
Handgun racks, on the other hand, allow you to store handguns in a vertical position which makes them ideal if you want to quickly draw the weapons. They can also securely hold on to various gun sizes without making them tip over once they are inside the gun safes. Also, gun racks can be stacked one over the other which optimizes the available space.
If the safe has run out of space, you can add mounting fixtures on the door. With the help of specialist, you can mount several iron handles over the door panels that can hold various handguns. If mounted properly, the door storage rack will prevent the gun from falling and will allow you to quickly arm yourself with the necessary firepower as soon as you need it.
A medical professional that provides eye care is called an eye doctor. A Fairhope eye doctor can either be an ophthalmologist, an optometrist, or an optician. Ophthalmologists are eye doctors who specialize in medical and surgical care of the eyes. They are medical professionals trained to assist patients in preventing eye diseases and injuries. On the other hand, an optometrist is trained to examine, diagnose, treat the eyes, as well as manage certain diseases and disorders of the eye, while an optician is an eye healthcare professional who assists and works with the ophthalmologist and optometrist in providing vision services related to the diagnosis and treatment of vision problems or eye diseases. Take a closer look at each classification of a Fairhope eye doctor.
A Fairhope eye doctor specializing in ophthalmology can either be a doctor of medicine or a doctor of osteopathy. A medical doctor is the one focusing on disease-specific examination and prescription while osteopaths are concerned on the malfunctions of particular parts of the body because of diseases and this includes the eye. They give prescriptions and suggestions based on the presumption that curing the optic system with medicine, surgery, and diet will resolve the eye problem underlying it.
In order to be a licensed ophthalmologist, one should complete a four year undergraduate diploma. Add to this an additional four years of medical school after which one needs to undergo a one year of internship plus three to four years of eye care training. An ophthalmologist spends 12 to 13 years in school in order to be a licensed medical professional in eye care. An ophthalmologist is issued a license by the state regulatory board. This license allows an ophthalmologist to examine, cure, as well as control those conditions affecting the eyes. They are also qualified to provide complete eye care from examination to treatment of visual complications caused by other conditions, such as diabetes.
Being a doctor by profession, an ophthalmologist is licensed to perform eye surgeries. He also conducts a thorough checkup of patients who experience the following signs or risk factor for eye diseases:
1.Decreased or distorted vision ? even if it is temporary
2.An eye injury or eye pain or when the eye turns blood red
5.Bulging of one or both eyes
6.Excessive tearing of the eyes - watery eyes
7.A family history of eye diseases
A Fairhope eye doctor specializing in optometry is trained to check, prescribe and manage most of the disorders and diseases of the eye and the visual system. An optometrist needs to attend high school plus complete four years of undergraduate education at a recognized school of optometry. It is optional for an optometrist to go through a year of residency in any special area in optometry. However, unlike ophthalmologists, optometrists need not go through medical school.
They neither perform surgery nor are they trained to cure eye diseases and disorders. Basically what an optometrist does is diagnose and treat vision disorders. Some examples of eye disorders are the following: presbyopia (blurred vision occurring at age 40 and up), nearsightedness (the ability to see what is near but not far), farsightedness (the ability to see what is far but not what is near), and astigmatism. They also prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses as well as conduct eye exercises, vision therapies and issue medications to treat and completely cure certain eye diseases.
An optician assists both ophthalmologists and optometrists in giving patient care before an eye exam is administered, during the exam itself and afterwards while waiting for the result. They also assist eye doctors during medical procedures and surgeries. An optician finished two years of technical training and need not go through medical school to be an eye specialist.
An optician is tasked to evaluate and enact the eye prescription issued by the Fairhope eye doctor. Through interpreting the eye prescription, they determine the lens their patient need best. They also supervise the ordering and the confirmation of the correct eye related products from beginning to end. They also distribute, change, adjust, repair and even reproduce previously ordered pair of eyeglasses, as well as contact lenses, or frames.
E juice, also popularly known as e liquid or smoke juice, is the liquid mixture that fuels electronic cigarettes or personal vaporizers (PV) to produce a spray of smoke that replicates traditional tobacco or cigarette smoking. It provides the flavor and oftentimes the nicotine of simulated smoking. Smoke is produced by subjecting the e liquid to pass through an internal heating element called an atomizer to vaporize it.
E juice is made up of five main ingredients, namely: vegetable glycerin (VG), propylene glycol (PG), artificial food flavorings, nicotine, and distilled water.
VG is the main component of an e liquid’s base, which is about 80 to 90 percent of the whole mixture. The remaining 10 to 20 percent is distilled water. VG is an organic natural glycerol from coconut or palm oil, and are generally used to keep moisture in food, to act as a solvent, artificial sweetener, and sometimes also to preserve food. Some household products that contain VG are toothpaste, soap, mouthwash, shaving cream, hair and skin care products, and oils or lubricants.
PG is the chemical mixed with VG to produce the smoke in e-cigarettes. The more PG is introduced in the solution, the thicker is the smoke created. PG is an artificial glycerol that comes from propylene oxide, which is a petroleum derivative. It is commonly used in fog machines because of its smoke-generating characteristic, food preservatives, solvents, and in producing unsaturated polyester resins. However, PG can cause allergic reactions to some people. That is the reason why there are e liquids available that are made of 100 percent VG. The common proportions of VG and PG in smoke juices are 100 percent VG, 50-50 VG and PG, and 20-80 VG and PG.
Sometimes, VG is mixed with Polyethylene Glycol 400 (PEG 400), which is also a form of artificial glycerol. It is a lower weight grade of PG coming from ethylene substances. There are no known studies that point out whether it is more beneficial to use PEG 400 or PG with VG.
E juice comes in several different flavors such as tobacco, coffee, cola, fruit, liquor, and menthol. It contains food grade flavorings which are also used in making candies and sweet pastries.
The nicotine content in an e liquid solution very much varies from product to product. And what the product label says may also be different from the nicotine strength of the actual product. The reason is because electronic cigarettes are not that stringently regulated as compared to other smoking cessation products. In fact, there are no known brands of smoke juices existing at this time that are formally sanctioned by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for usage of buyers.
Nicotine concentration is normally measured in milligrams per milliliters (mg/ml). Sometimes only the mg amount is seen in the label, but it implies the same thing. Smoke juices that are specifically made for people who are trying to quit smoking contain no nicotine.
It is not easy to compare the quantity of nicotine in electronic cigarettes against real ones, and even harder to measure the amount that is absorbed by the body between using PVs, traditional smoking and tobacco chewing. It depends on so many factors such as the kind of tobacco from where the nicotine was drawn from, the chemical additives to an e juice, and whether the tobacco is burned, inhaled, chewed, or ingested. What is certain is that the highest levels of nicotine are absorbed through tobacco chewing.
The application of e juice in e cigarettes for quitting smoking is not approved or endorsed by the FDA. E liquids are only generally accepted to be a substitute nicotine source or as a replacement to the physical habit of holding and puffing a cigarette. This is believed to help a person who is trying to quit smoking to actually do it gradually.
Buying good USB cables isn’t as complicated or difficult as many might think it is. These cables are becoming more and more of a necessity as time goes by. People are starting to use these cables to connect a large host of devices to one another.
Television sets now have their own USB ports. Computers today have more USB ports than they used to. Almost anyone who has a mobile device, be it a tablet or a Smartphone, is sure to have at least one cable lying around.
Finding the right cable means having to do a little bit of reading. Sure it’s easy to buy a cable, but it’s also just as easy to make a mistake. This is especially true for people who still aren’t sure on which cable they need to buy. Here are a few pointers that should set people on the right path to buying new USB cables.
The first thing that needs to be done is to create a list of requirements that the cable needs to satisfy. There are plenty of things a person could need from a cable.
For one thing, getting the right USB interface is of paramount importance. Mobile device owners will notice how there’s a difference between one of the cable’s ends and the other. At least one end of the cable will be a Type A. Type a USB ports are typically found on computer desktops and laptops. They’re also the USB type often found on some computer peripherals such as computer mice and keyboards.
Then there’s the matter of length. Cables come in a wide array of different lengths. How long a person needs a particular cable to be depends largely on what the cable will be used for. As a rule, people are given the recommendation to buy a cable that’s a bit longer than what they need.
It’s important to make a list of needs. Establishing some of the needs is the best way to avoid the mistake of buying the wrong cable.
Finding USB cables that satisfy those needs
The next step would be to find cables that satisfy those needs. Look at the product description. Most cables come wrapped in a package that lists their features. Length, cable version, and other features are the things that a person should look at.
Don’t be too conscious of the price. A lot of people have the egregious habit of looking directly at the price thinking all cables are the same. These people end up buying the cheapest one that they can get their hands on.
Then there are those who buy the cables that are the most expensive. They think that price is the indicator of quality. The truth is that there should be little to no difference between an expensive and branded cable. So long as the cable is able to meet the requirements the better they can satisfy their needs.
Knowing where to buy them
There are basically two places where people can buy new cables. People can choose between buying a cable from a brick and mortar store or an online retail store.
Getting a cable from a brick and mortar store is better because of the immediate transaction. People get what they pay for the moment they pay for it. There’s no need to wait for delivery.
Buying a cable from the internet is better because of the ease and convenience. People don’t have to leave the comfort of their own home in order to place an order on the internet. USB cables are also, more often than not, cheaper when bough from an online store.
Embroidered patches are art pieces that make use of thread, sewn over fabric to create designs and/or patterns that are usually metaphoric in nature. These patches are usually sewn into clothing, textile, or any fabric that should carry the logo represented in the patch. Hundreds of years ago, these patches of embroidery were produced and sewn by hand. These pieces of art work were embellished with different colors and designs, and they usually represent a group, organization, or government to which the carrier of the embroidered patch belongs to.
It represents membership and identification, and should be carried and worn by members, for them to signify their credentials and remind them of the values symbolized in the colors and images. It made use of different stitches, such as chain stitch, blanket stitch, running stitch, satin stitch, as well as cross stitch. The production of embroidered patches, however, usually makes use of the chain stitch, the satin stitch, and the hemming stitch using a number of threads.
It has been a tradition to follow a certain mode when creating patches of embroidery. First of all, the foundation fabric is cut to a distinct shape. This shape of the fabric should follow the shape of the patch that would then be embroidered to the fabric. Secondly, the edges of the foundation fabric are heat-sealed to prevent fraying so that the patch would stay in place and will prevent pattern distortion. Thirdly, the threads are stitched into their place, with some colored threads incorporating the backing of the fabric as background of the path, while other colors incorporate the front patterns that completely cover the backing of the fabric. Logos and monograms are put into place, as well as the images that represent the meaning or implication that are intentionally administered.
Lastly, iron-on adhesive is applied on the reverse side or the back side of the patch. This last step, however, was traditionally not applied during the 17th and 18th centuries or during the era of the Industrial Revolution, when the embroidered patches were sewn directly to the fabric, instead of using iron-on adhesive to attach patches to the fabric.
During those days, there were embroidery machines that were created, making way for embroidered patches to be more uniformly crafted and, at the same time, created many patches over a short period of time. It increased production efficiency, especially during the introduction of the Schiffli embroidery machine some time in the 19th century. This machine operated using a two-thread system, and it was capable of producing more than a handful of identical designs, although it was not much quicker than when using handwork for the embroidered patches. By the coming of the 19th century, there were a number of other advancements with regards to the production of patches in the embroidery industry.
This includes the use of a plastic backing at the back of the patch, which would then improve its stiffness, while preventing clustering or wrinkling of the design. Likewise, these patches were die-cut into a distinct shape, with the borders protected by means of putting serge stitches around it. It was also found out that the polyester threads are actually more superior in strength and durability than the cotton threads, and so it became a trend to use polyester threads than that of cotton threads.
With the occurrence of the advanced technology, it became accepted that embroidered patches are better produced by means of computerized tools and machines, as it can produce hundreds of patches in only a short period of time. As patterns are digitally scanned, the designs are produced rapidly, with the same degree of consistency, flatness, and superb artistry.
:: Next >>